Let’s move back into the times before the WWII. In some parts of Warsaw it would be easier to communicate in Yidish or in Hebrew.... Warsaw was the second largest Jewish community in the World. Hundreds of Jewish schools and libraries were opened here, there were theaters and sports clubs and more than 130 Jewish newspapers. We would like to explore together the time which passed away.
In the program
- only synagogue which survived the war
- fragment of Ghetto Wall
- breathtaking Museum of the History of Polish Jews
- the street which witnessed the ghetto
- information about the uprising in Jewish Ghetto
Day 1 – searching for the roots of the community
Surprisingly we would start out trip in the Old Town, where according to the historical materials first Jewish community was created soon after the city itself was created. Than we would walk Krakowskie Przedmieście St., the route outside the city walls, where the first Jewish cemetery was created. Afterwards we would go to the centre, to visit the only pre-war synagogue that not only survived the WWII, but also still serves the local community (the Nożyk Synagogue).
Day 2 – blooming period of the community and… the beginning of its end
Second day our trip would be mostly devoted to the meet some extraordinary individuals who played an important role in shaping the countenance of Warsaw, as well as of the Polish culture. Surprisingly we would start at the Jewish cemetery, which is a burying place for many eminent representatives of all different domains of life and science, e.g. mother of the Jewish theater – Ester Rachela Kamińska, founder of Esperanto language – Ludwik Zamenhof, etc. One of the monuments is devoted to the famous pedagogue Janusz Korczak, whose ‘legacy’ we would visit afterwards. The Janusz Korczak Orphanage is the best place to learn more about this extraordinary person. Opened in 1913 was a house for many Jewish orphans.
The destruction of the Jewish culture in Warsaw started with the WWII. One of its symptoms was a physical barrier that isolated the Jews from the Aryans. Our next stop would be the fragment of Ghetto Wall, which marked the end of the Ghetto created in the Autumn 1940. The Ghetto in Warsaw was divided into two parts – the ‘small’ and ‘big’. At some point the only connection of both sides was the bridge over Chłodna Street, which we would visit in the end of the second day.
Overnight in Warsaw.
Day 3 – closer look at the WWII period: uprising in Ghetto
The last day in Warsaw would be an attempt to reconstruct the historical events which took place in Ghetto between 1942 and 1943. First, we would visit the Jewish Historical Institute, which greatest treasure is the recovered Ringelblum Archives – the data documenting the everyday life in the ghetto. Afterwards we would see the Ghetto Heros Monument and the nearby Museum of the History of Polish Jews. This museum with an impressive architecture presents the more than 1000-year history of the coexistence of Jews and Poles. After the visit to the Museum we would have a walk following the Martydrom and Struggle of Jews 1940-1943. Our last point would be Umschlagplatz – the square where transports of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto left for the extermination camp at Treblinka.
Overnight in Warsaw.