Probably the most notable calvary in Poland, Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is a must-see during pilgramage tour to Poland. Listed as UNESCO World Heritage site, church, monastery and more than 40 picturesque chapels were build by Polish nobleman, Mikołaj Zebrzydowski, in the beginnig of XVIIth century.
The architecture of the place was modeled after Chapel of Crucifiction in Jerusalem. It soon started to attract pilgrims – first from nearby Cracow, then from other parts of Poland. Nowadays over 1 million people comes to visit this place every year.Passion of Christ – reenacted in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska was also one of favourite sanctuaries of John Paul II. Future Pope started to visit this place as a child, with his father. During his time as a priest, bishop and then cardinal of Cracow, one could often meet him passing calvary roads, often in very casual outfit. Some of principal documents of the Second Vatican Council, written by archbishop Wojtyła, were created
here. He visited Kalwaria Zebrzydowska twice as a the Pope.
What You will see during pilgrimage tour to Kalwaria Zebrzydowska? First of all – the Basilica. It houses painting of blessed Virgin Mary – believed to be miraculous. Next to the painting one can see goldend rose – a gift from John Paul II. Whole church is wonderful example of rich, Polish baroque art and architecture.
Main sightseeing are roads of the Calvary, with dozens of historic chapels, placed on small hills. Some of them serve as tiny churches, some are filled with evocative sculptures. The area of the Calvary is huge: 6 square kilometers, the chapels are divided into two routes – one devoted to Virgin Mary, the other to Jesus Christ. A procession along Way of the Cross in Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is always deep, spiritual experience.